Understanding Barium Chloride: A Comprehensive Guide

Understanding Barium Chloride: A Comprehensive Guide

Brief Overview of use and Applications  

Barium Chloride is an inorganic salt that comes as a white crystalline powder. It is probably best known as an additive in fireworks and a purifying agent for brine.

This compound gives a distinctive green color to certain fireworks and paints

Despite this ambiguous reputation, it has many potential applications and is used frequently in industry.

Important Physical Characteristics

Barium Chloride (Formula: BaCl2) is a crystalline powder made from the elements barium and chloride. It’s colorless, odorless, and water soluble up to 38%.

It is highly toxic and alkaline, has a molecular weight of 208.23 g/mol, and a density of 3.86 g/cm3.

It has a melting point of 960°C and boiling point of 1560°C at standard pressure.

Chemical Behavior and Reactivity

This salt is one of the more reactive elements, and useful in chemical industry applications because it interacts with so many substances.

Common Reaction Partners:

  • Oxygen
  • Sulfate
  • Water
  • Carbon and sulfur compounds

Popular Applications in Industry

It has a long history of use in the creation of pigments, as a water softener, and in pharmaceuticals.

Because of its reactivity it has very broad applications.

Below is a list of some of other common uses:

  • Wastewater treatment
  • Brine purification
  • Pesticides
  • Production of stabilizers, polymers, and other salts

Research Connections using Barium Chloride

This substance is toxic if ingested and capable of causing severe muscle contractions, but does have limited applications in biology and medicine.

Biology Research

In one example, it’s used as a model for muscle injury, but may not produce realistic results.

The study in question demonstrated that Barium induced muscle injury has limitations as a model, but may be used as a simple alternative to other types of chemical injury.

Medical Applications

Barium has been used as a crosslinker in the development of bioabsorbable sutures because it reacts with alginate molecules in solution.

This example study extruded alginate polymer onto a hydrogel with 2% BaCl2 to create functional sutures.

Other Connections

It can be used to induce muscle contractions in both skeletal and smooth muscle, and is given at very low doses to horses when they are impacted.

It is commonly used as a rodenticide, and its prevalence in industry also makes it a chemical of interest for environmental toxicity studies.

Safe use and Handling in the Lab

When working with this Barium salt, always use gloves and dispose or wash contaminated materials afterwards.

Do not attempt to vaporize it in the open, and seek medical attention if ingested.

Because it is an environmental toxin, disposal should be handled with care. Dispose in a designated waste container for removal by a chemical disposal service.

In terms of chemical reactivity, never combine it with Bromine Triflouride or the statin and prostate drug 2-Furoic Acid.

Never dispose of chemicals in the sink. It poses an environmental hazard to humans and other life forms.

Browse our Full Catalog of Laboratory Chemicals

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We carry top-quality bulk chemicals for application in any field, and we try our best to cater to the consumer.

See the product page for our ACS grade Barium Chloride, available in a five pound container.

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